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Alright guys, you have a quiz tomorrow. I will hand you a blank piece of paper. On the board will be the acronym we’ve been using all week to remember the 7 principles of government: FLIPRCS
You will have to list the corresponding principle to each letter in the acronym and describe what it is and how it helps to prevent Tyranny.
F – Federalism
Dividing the Powers of the Government between a Central (National or Federal) Government and the State Governments and the Local Communities.
This prevents power from being gathered in any one location which would be a tyranny.
L – Limited Government
Limiting the Power of the Government, literally what it says. The government has rules that it must obey and they are subject to punishment for breaking laws just like we are.
This prevents a government figure from doing whatever they would like and creating tyranny.
I – Individual Rights
All individuals in the country are guaranteed certain rights that cannot be taken away without due process of the law.
P – Popular Sovereignty
Popular (people) Sovereignty (Authority or Power) simply means that the powers that the government has come from the people “We the People” have the power.
If all the people have the power it makes it much more difficult for one or a few to gather power and create a tyranny.
R - Republicanism
Republicanism is very similar to Representative Government (Click to Watch Video). Our country would be a republic which means we would vote for representatives to make laws for us.
In a republic it’s difficult to create a tyranny because people have the right to vote for people who would have their best interest in mind.
C – Checks and Balances
Checks and Balances compliments the 7th principle of Separation of Powers. The idea calls for each of the 3 branches of government to keep each other equal by each of them having some power or control over the others. Having power over someone or something else might be referred to as a “CHECK.” If you have a check on something you are also keeping them “Balanced” or equal to you.
This prevents tyranny because no one branch can gain more power than the other 2.
S – Separation of Powers
The Separation of Powers splits the Legislative (Law Making) Powers, The Executive (Law Enforcing) Powers, and the Judiciary (Law Interpreting) Powers, so that no one person can have more than one power. Having 3 branches prevents tyranny because no one person can create, execute, or interpret laws at the same time.
Quick Write Question
You will have to answer the following question when you are done.
How does the Constitution guard against tyranny?